Monday, May 14, 2018

Lettering: Warren P. Lovett, Entrepreneur

June 1891
“Warren P. Lovett. His design speaks for itself. It is printed on the front of the envelope.”

October 7, 1891
“In the way of return envelopes the one gotten out by Mr. Warren P. Lovett, and shown on this page, is specially ingenious.”

I thought Lovett was a designer, he wasn’t, but Lovett was creative in other ways.

About Warren P. Lovett

Warren Parks Lovett was born on July 27, 1850, in Georgia. His parents were Napoleon Bonaparte Lovett and Miriam Ferrell, Napoleon’s second wife who died after Lovett’s birth. His father
remarried to Sarah S. Parham.
The 1860 US Federal Census recorded Lovett, his father, step-mother and older brother, Byrd, in Meriwether, Georgia. Lovett has not yet been found in the 1870 census.

I believe Lovett was mentioned in Poultry World, August 1874, “W. P. Lovett, Ogeechee, Ga.” and in The Pet-Stock, Pigeon, and Poultry Bulletin, July 1875.
The following we clip from the Poultry World, for June. We regret that we must confirm the statement, as the same parties, during last winter, swindled us out of a small amount:

“We alluded, last month, to W. P. Lovett, a poultry dealer of Ogeeche, Ga., in terms not complimentary. We have learned that “Burns & Co.” so designated, are their allies; or the latter firm is simply another name for Lovett. Look out for them, for they are reported to us, on the best of authority, as swindlers of the worst type.”
The Macon Telegraph, October 12, 1877, said Lovett arrived at the Brown House yesterday.

Lovett was listed in the Sholes’ Directory of the City of Atlanta for 1877, “Lovett Warren P, with G S Lowndes, bds 117 S Pryor”; and 1878, “Lovett Warren P., agt r Alabama, ne cor Pryor”.

Lovett was mentioned in the Atlanta Constitution (Georgia), July 31, 1878, “Mr. Warren P. Lovett, left on a trip to Louisville and Cincinnati yesterday and will be absent a few days.” and in a November 9, 1878 article on a wedding, “…Mr. Warren P Lovett, of Atlanta, was master of ceremonies, and was an invaluable acquisition to the party.”

The Atlanta Constitution society column mentioned Lovett on January 19, 1879, “Mr. Warren Lovett and family are in Jacksonville, Fla.”

The Evening Star, (Washington, D.C.), August 7, 1879, published this article. 

Shooting a Scandal-Monger.—A fatal shooting affair occurred in Meriweather county. Ga., Monday. Warren Lovett, a well-known whisky “drummer,” was recently made the subject of a social scandal, and his name coupled with that of a lady of one of the first Georgia families. Lovett denounced the report as an infamous lie. He traced it to W. B. Reynolds as the author. Monday afternoon Lovett and two friends, riding on a country road, met Reynolds. Lovett dismounted from his horse and said: “Reynolds, you have told an infamous lie about me, and you must retract it here, in the presence of these gentlemen.” Reynolds said: “It is no lie, and I won’t retract it.” Reynolds then drew a pistol and fired, missing Lovett. Lovett drew a revolver and shot Reynolds in the breast. He died Tuesday morning and in his dying statement declared that he bad no pistol, and that one of Lovett’s friends fired the pistol and laid it by his side in the road. The case has created great excitement. Reynolds was of bad reputation and sympathy is with Lovett.
Another account of the incident appeared in the National Police Gazette (New York), September 6, 1879.
The Reynolds Homicide.
Near Griffin, Ga., on Sunday, the 3rd inst., Warren P. Lovett, a well-known and esteemed citizen of Atlanta, while on his way to pay a social visit, in company with two friends, named Trammell and Thorne, encountered in the road one J. K. Reynolds, a farmer, residing in the vicinity, who, Lovett had been informed, had circulated a scandalous report concerning him and involving a respectable young lady of the neighborhood.

Lovett, upon seeing Reynolds, addressed him as follows:

“You have circulated a report of me which you know to be utterly untrue, and now I want you to correct it to Mr. Trammell and Mr. Thorne, which will be satisfactory to me.”

Reynolds replied, “Yes, I started the report, and God damn you, I’ll kill you too!”

Wherepon [sic] Reynolds proceeded to draw a pistol and Lovett jumped out of the buggy. Just as Lovett had gotten out on the ground Reynolds fired at but did not hit him. Lovett then returned the fire the ball from his pistol taking effect in Reynold’s left side.

As Reynolds fell he remarked that Lovett had got the best of the fight but that he would fix it so Lovett would suffer. Reynolds died the following day. He had repeatedly threatened Lovett’s life.

The killing was justified by general opinion as having been strictly in self-defense. An authentic portrait of Lovett is given on another page.

Warren P. Lovett, killed J. K. Reynolds, a slanderer,
in self-defense, near Griffin, Ga.
Lovett was recorded twice in the 1880 census. In Griffin, Georgia, Lovett was a commercial broker married to Sallie. The oldest of three children was born in Texas; the others in Georgia. The family had a servant. Meanwhile, in Atlanta, Georgia, Lovett was a liquor dealer. According to the census all of his children were born in Georgia and the family did not have a servant.

Lovett’s visits to Macon were noted in the local newspaper.

Macon Telegraph and Messenger, December 23, 1882, “Warren P. Lovett was in the city last night.”

Macon Telegraph and Messenger, April 16, 1884, “Mr. Warren P. Lovett, representing the house of W. Ferst & Co., Savannah, was in Macon yesterday. Warren has a large number of friends in Macon and feels a pride in Macon’s greatness as shown yesterday.”

Macon Telegraph and Messenger, August 2, 1884, “Mr. Warren P. Lovett, who divides his time between traveling on the road and writing poetry, was in town yesterday.”

Macon Telegraph and Messenger, January 21, 1885, “Warren P. Lovett, Esq., is in the city to-day.”

Macon Telegraph, October 13, 1887, “Arrivals at Brown’s Hotel Yesterday. Warren P. Lovett, Savannah”

Lovett’s whereabouts was noted in the People’s Journal, (Pickens, South Carolina), August 16, 1894: “Warren Lovett, of Sanderville [sic], Ga., is visiting his niece, Mrs. J.P. Carey.”.

Lovett ran an advertisement in the New York Daily Tribune, March 5, 1895, and Albany Evening Journal (New York), January 15, 1896.

The Best Thing In Its Place.
Gentlemen: "After a thorough trial, in more ways than one, I have found Pond’s Extract the very best thing in its place I ever saw and I make this assertion on my own free will and accord. If a party will use it according to directions in any of the troubles for which it is recommended in your circular, I will refund the amount to him if not benefited by its use. I write this hoping it may meet the eyes of some who need just such a medicine, if medicine it be called. I am a convert to its use and not until I thoroughly tried it. This is written without your knowledge or consent. I don’t know either of your firm nor am I the least interested in the sale, simply written for the benefit of some fellow creature who has yet to use Pond’s Extract. Wishing you every success and believing you have a good thing, which is honestly manufactured.”—Warren P. Lovett, 64 N. Forsyth Street, Atlanta, Ga.

In 1897 Lovett’s questionable business practices became news.

American Druggist and Pharmaceutical Record, April 26, 1897.

A Warning to Wholesalers.
Mail addressed to Warren P. Lovett, Sandersville, Ga., has been returned by the United States postal authorities stamped “fraudulent.” We are informed that several whole sale druggists have received orders from Lovett, and in at least one instance the goods were shipped, but have not been paid for.
Printers’ Ink, September 1897: “Warren P. Lovett, Sandisville [sic], Georgia, is a fraud.’

Lovett was a Sandersville, Georgia resident in the 1900 census. His occupation was assistant editor. In the household were Lovett’s wife, three children, son-in-law and granddaughter.

Lovett’s business dealings caught up with him and was reported in many newspapers including the Indianapolis Journal, Richmond TimesMaysville Evening Bulletin and Semi-Weekly Messenger
A long account was published in the Ilion Citizen (New York), June 21, 1901.

A Smooth Operator.
The Alleged Schemes of Warren P. Lovett, a Man with Several Aliases.
His Arrest on Charge of Using the Mails for Fraudulent Purposes—He Tried His Game in Ilion But It Failed to Work.

An Associated Press dispatch dated Macon (Ga.) June 3, stated that Warren P. Lovett, a prominent citizen of Sandersvilie, had been arraigned before the United States Commissioner charged with using the mails for fraudulent purposes. He was put under a $900 bond. It is claimed that he bought all sorts of goods from all parts of the country without any intention of paying for them, using various names. According to the government’s contention he secured goods in small quantities—mostly in sample lots— and sold them to his acquaintances at greatly reduced prices, whatever he received being profit.
The Macon News has the following concerning Lovett and his transactions:
If the affidavit under which Lovett was arrested be true, one of the slickest and smoothest swindlers that the state of Georgia has had within its borders was arrested in Sandersville yesterday and brought here this morning.

The names under which this smooth gentleman transacted his swindling business are very numerous and the following are just a few of them, but they will serve to show that he was an adept in selecting names, as well as merchandise and other articles which he succeeded in securing from his unsuspecting victims: Warren P . Lovett, alias Robert L. Jaxon, alias Jim Crow, alias Wm. Parker, alias Warren Parker, alias Seco Poultry Company, Sandersville, Ga.

The modus operandi of Lovett was to have struck letter heads and other stationery, in the latest and most approved style, lithographed, generally, and when he wanted a bill of goods of any kind, no matter what they were, he would write to the firm from whom he desired the goods, and by using his lithographed stationery and a most business-like tone, he generally succeeded in securing what he desired, and when time came for making payment on the goods, no such person could be found, and the consignor of the goods would have to suffer the loss, and Mr. W. P. Lovett would be the gainer by that much.

He has conducted this business for several years, and while several attempts have been made to locate him he has always worked his game so finely that not one of the many postoffice inspectors that have worked on the case has been able to fasten anything on him, until quite recently, when Inspector Peer dropped on to him.

From what could be learned of Lovett this morning he was at one time a traveling salesman, and during his career as a commercial traveler he represented many of the leading firms of this country, and by this means he was enabled to obtain all the goods he wanted, for he was perfectly familiar with ways and channels through which goods were obtained.

His mode of living and the grand style in which be lived kept suspicion diverted from him for a long time. He lived in a place in Sandersville in what is known as “The Elms,” and bis house is said to be most magnificently furnished. He is a regular Beau Brummell in appearance, and wears the finest clothes and jewelry that are to be had. He is sharp and shrewd, and no one not acquainted with his dealings would ever suspect him of being, what is charged, an expert and slick swindler. He is rather clerical looking about the face and has a most pleasant address, and is as polite as a Chesterfield.

When ordering goods Lovett always made it a rule to request that no goods be sent C.O.D., but that they be sent prepaid, and he would never under any circumstances receive goods that were sent any other way.

It is said that on one occasion a firm of lawyers in Sandersville had placed in their hands papers against Lovett with instructions to serve them on any goods that might come to him. Lovett heard of this and he quietly left Sandersville and went to Savannah, where he purchased two large trunks and filled them with brick, tin cans, and any kind of old rubbish he could get, and labelled them “jewelry,” and “glass,” had them sent by express C. O. D. to himself at Sandersville.

The unwary lawyers learning that the trunks were in the express office at once seized on to them and took them to the court house where they gave notice that the contents would be sold. On the day appointed there was a large crowd present, and Lovett was also present. He went among the crowd with a cast-down countenance and seemed to feel deeply what was going on, but when the trunks were opened and their contents became known, the lawyers were thrown into consternation, for among the rubbish was a note addressed to them and it stated that it was the compliments of W. P. Lovett to the lawyers, and it gave them the sage advice to. “Be sure you are right, then go ahead.”

It was claimed this morning that Inspector Peer had sufficient evidence against Lovett to convict him under the charge for which he was arrested, that of using the mail for fraudulent purposes, and that when the hearing comes off on the 24th there will be no trouble in producing all the documents necessary to send him up for a term of years.
The Gazette-News (Daytona, Florida), April 19, 1902, published news of Lovett’s conviction. 
At Augusta, Georgia, the ease [sic] of Warren P. Lovett, charged with using the mails for fraudulent purposes, was disposed of by the United States Court Monday morning. Lovett was sentenced to serve eighteen months in the Federal Prison at Atlanta, but Judge Speer stated that he would sign a recommendation to have him taken to the Federal asylum for the same at Washington, D.C. Lovett was well known to some of the older business man of Daytona, he at one time being in the employ of Price & Robbins, of Jacksonville, as a traveling representative.
Lovett’s condition was reported in the Evening Star (Washington, D.C.), December 2, 1903. 
In Unconscious Condition.
Warren P. Lovett, fifty-two years old, an inmate of St. Elizabeth’s Hospital for the insane, was found in an unconscious condition at the Riggs House this afternoon, said to have been due to morphine poisoning. The ambulance was summoned, and he was removed to the Emergency Hospital. It is believed he will recover. The patient formerly lived in Georgia, and has been in the asylum for about one year. He left there yesterday for the purpose of visiting friends. He will be returned to the institution when he recovers.
At some point Lovett was released and returned home.

Guida Numismatica Universale (1903) had a listing for Lovett.
Landersville [sic] (Georg,)
5593. Lovett Warren P., Box 116. — Coll. num.
The Tampa Tribune (Florida), December 18, 1904, published “My Creed” which appeared to be credited to Lovett.
Do not keep the alabaster boxes of your love and tenderness sealed up until your friends are dead. Fill their lives with sweetness. Speak approving, cheering words while their ears can hear them, and while their hearts can be thrilled and made happier by them, the kind things you mean to say when they are gone, say before they go. The flowers you mean to send for their coffins, send to brighten and sweeten their homes before they leave them. If my friends have alabaster boxes laid away full of fragrant perfumes of sympathy and affection, which they intended to break over my dead body, I would rather they would bring them out in my weary and troubled hours, and open them, that I may be refreshed and cheered by them while I need them. I would rather have a plain coffin without a flower, a funeral without an eulogy, than a life without the sweetness of love and sympathy. Let us learn to anoint our friends beforehand for their burial. Post-mortem kindnesses does not cheer the troubled spirit. Flowers on the coffin cast no fragrance backward over life’s weary way.
Lovett did not write the above which was published, with minor differences, in The London Journal, May 18, 1878; The British Friend, June 1878, as “Alabaster Boxes”; The Shaker Manifesto, July 1878; The Sunday Magazine, March 1881, as “The Alabaster Box”; The Crown of Life: From the Writings of Henry Ward Beecher (1890) and other publications. The author is unknown.

The Macon Telegraph, February 2, 1908, noted Lovett’s whereabouts, “Mr. Warren P. Lovett spent several days in Davisboro.”

In the 1910 census, Lovett was the head of the household, in Sandersville, which included his wife, son, daughter and her family, and two boarders. Lovett was a commercial traveler.

The Macon Telegraph, May 26, 1912, said “Warren P. Lovett was delegate from the Violet Rebekah lodge to the Rebekah assembly.”

Lovett passed away  October 6, 1913, in Georgia. The Macon Telegraph, October 7, 1913, noted his passing.

Sandersville, Oct. 6—Warren P. Lovett, a prominent Mason and Odd Fellow of this city, and most highly respected citizen, died at his residence here early this morning at the age of 65, after an illness of only a few days.

Mr. Lovett is survived by his wife, daughter, Mrs. E.B. West, and two sons, John J. and Byrd H., all of Sandersville. He was well known throughout the state.

The funeral services occurred here this afternoon from the Episcopal church at 3 o’clock.
Lovett was laid to rest at Old City Cemetery

(Next post on Monday: Penmen Signatures)

Monday, April 30, 2018

Comics: Lin Streeter, Artist

Lindsay Robert “Lin” Streeter was born on May 6, 1915 in Englewood, New Jersey, according to his New York, New York National Guard Service Card. However, 
the Social Security Death Index said Streeter’s birth date was May 4, 1916. According to My Heritage, Streeter’s parents were Robert Lindsay Streeter and Mary (Marie) Louise Klenk. Streeter’s full name was also at My Heritage, the Internet Speculative Fiction Database, Archie Comics Wiki, and World Wrecker: An Annotated Bibliography of Edmond Hamilton (2009).

In the 1920 U.S. Federal Census, Streeter was the oldest of two children born to Robert, a brokerage office clerk, and Marie. The family resided in Brooklyn, New York at 352 East 23rd Street.

The 1930 census recorded the Streeter family in Westfield, New Jersey at 419 Colonial Avenue. Streeter’s father was a broker at a brokerage firm.

Streeter attended the University of Pennsylvania which had this listing in its Directory of Officers, Faculty, Students, Departments 1934–1935: “Streeter, Lindsay Robert Wh 1 Westfield NJ 27 Thomas Penn Dorm”.

On December 19, 1935 Streeter enlisted in the New York City National Guard. He was assigned to Company L of the 107th Infantry. Streeter was a Westfield, New Jersey resident.

Streeter’s address was unchanged in the 1940 census. He was a freelance artist who had two years of college and lived with his parents and sister. Information about Streeter’s art training has not been found.

From 1940 to 1942, Streeter’s illustrations were published in the science fiction pulps, Future Fiction and Science Fiction.

According to Who’s Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999, Streeter’s comic book career began in the early 1940s.

During World War II Streeter enlisted in the army on April 3, 1942 at Newark, New Jersey.

A Soldier’s Journal: With the 22nd Infantry Regiment in World War II (2005) described the origin of a new weekly newspaper with Streeter as its cartoonist.

September 18 [1942].
Izzy Goldstein decided that his energy and talent were not being utilized to the fullest as a reporter for the Division weekly newspaper, The Ivy Leaf. He organized a staff and began a regimental publication. He named it Double Deucer, for “22nd” Infantry Regiment. By the second issue the paper received a hearty commendation from the Division commanding general, Major General Barton. By the their disuse the weekly had become virtually a tradition in the regiment. One reason is the pithy cartoons by ex-civilian professional cartoonist Lin Streeter. Another is the writing of fiction writer John Cheever, renowned for his stories in The New Yorker….
Streeter was named in John Cheever: A Biography (2016). 
Things began to look up, a little, when Cheever was transferred to Special Services a couple days later and declared editor of a weekly regimental newspaper, The Double Deucer. Paired with a cartoonist, Lin Streeter (best known for “Pat Patriot, America’s Joan of Arc”), Cheever tried to make the newspaper as entertaining as possible. Spoofing such hackneyed features as the Inquiring Reporter (I don’t know how the Major will take it, but I’m sure the men will like it”). Meanwhile he almost fell in the line of duty. On a cold day in February, an officious lieutenant insisted on helping him build a fire in the Recreation Hall, near the newspaper office, and ended up burning the place to the ground. With flames licking at his feet, Cheever ran out the back door with a typewriter and the stencil for the latest Double Deucer, which became “a special fire issue”: when copies arrived from the printer, he and Streeter singed the bundle with a blowtorch as if it had been yanked from the fire in the nick of time.
The Star-Journal (Long Island City, New York), September 28, 1942, published this United Press article.
Painter and Cartoonist Do Stuff in Army
Augusta, Ga. (UP)—Whether the men in the 22nd Infantry are comic book fans or prefer the art galleries, they can keep up either interest—thanks to Lin Streeter and Red Robin.

Private Red Robin is a member of the Zuni Tribe, ancient Indian group discovered by Coronado 300 years ago. Robin attended art school in Denver and studied under John Sloan, high ranking American painter. He has exhibited at the Museum of Modem Art, the Brooklyn Museum and several other outstanding galleries. At present he is working on the rough sketches of a mural depicting the progress of the 22nd Infantry, to which he is attached.

Streeter also recently in the 22nd Infantry, is the creator of comic book super-supers. He is doing his stuff now for the “Double Deucer,” the 22nd Infantry’s mimeographed publication.

The South Carolina, County Marriages, 1910–1990, at, said Streeter married Eleanor E. Hershey on January 5, 1943 at Edgefield.

Streeter was mentioned in three letters Cheever wrote to his wife Mary. A summary of each letter is at the Morgan Library and Museum: undated; February 9, 1943; and February 24, 1943.

The Pittsburgh Courier (Pennsylvania), December 18, 1943, reported the results of an art contest that included Streeter.

Wins 2nd Prize In Art Contest
Camp Gordon Johnston, Fla.—Pfc. Cornelius Griffin, son of Mr. and Mrs. Cyrus Griffin, 316 North Calhoun street, Baltimore, Md., second prize winner in the recent special service branch art content at Camp Gordon Johnston…

…Other participants in the art contest were professional artists Cpl. Lin Streeter, former staff artist of the Bell Syndicate, publishers of the famed character, “Captain Valor of the Marines” and “Nightime Tally,” featured in the popular comic book “The Shield;” Cpl. Larry Spivack, Pfc. Steven Vegh, Jr., and Cpl. Roy Bolitser.

Streeter was mentioned in Hemingway at War: Ernest Hemingway’s Adventures as a World War II Correspondent (2016). 

Whiting goes on about Hemingway’s failure to interact with the common soldiers. This is contradicted by several accounts of his behavior. Sergeant Rothbart quotes 4th Division journalist Lin Streeter, who had comments about the civilian journalists he encountered: “Some of them were pretty arrogant….Ernest Hemingway and Ernie Pyle were among the unassuming.”
One of Streeter’s cartoons was described in Hell in Hürtgen Forest: The Ordeal and Triumph of an American Infantry Regiment (2001). 
One of the cartoons drawn by Lin Streeter, Double Deucer graphic artist and originator of the cartoon character “The Flash,” shows a new “older” recruit walking down the company street while a corporal standing on the side comments, “That’s the guy who promised me my ol’ job back after the war.”
In Editor & Publisher, April 26, 1969, Harry Shorten was profiled and said, “In 1943,” he explains, “Henry Aldrich was a popular radio show and the kid made a tremendous impact. I suggested to Sunbell that we start a strip with a Henry Aldrich-type kid. In those days everything we did concerned blood, thunder and guts. I created ‘Wilbur’ with Lin Streeter as the artist and the character came out looking exactly like him….”

Life, April 23, 1951, printed several 1944 Christmas cards including Streeter’s hand-drawn card.

When Streeter finished his army service he returned to comics. American Newspaper Comics (2012) said Streeter was one of the cartoonists to draw the strip “Sergeant Stony Craig”, which began with Don Dickson on September 20, 1937. Gerald Bouchard took over in 1941 to March 3, 1945. He was followed by Bill Draut from March 5, 1945 to July 13, 1946. Streeter continued the strip from July 15 to December 14, 1946. The strip was distributed by the Bell Syndicate. Streeter went on to work for a number of comic book publishers in the late 1940s into the mid-1950s. A chronological list of Streeter’s credits is at the Grand Comics Database. Original art of Streeter’s “The Enchanted Fish” can be viewed at Heritage Auctions here and here.

In Alter Ego #13, March 2002, Jim Amash interviewed artist Dave Gantz. Amash asked, “Do you remember Lin Streeter?” Gantz answered, “I sure do. Lin Streeter was a wild, funny guy who did a lot of teenage stuff. He came from a family that made ice cram. I think he went back into the ice cream business after comics, but I’m not sure. We were about the same age. He was a pretty good artist who pencilled and inked. He wasn’t at Timely too long and he worked for other companies, too. I think he even worked for Archie Comics.”

Streeter passed away October 18, 1968 in Basking Ridge, New Jersey according to an estate notice in The Courier-News (Bridgewater, New Jersey), October 31, 1968: ”Lindsay Robert Streeter, 139 S. Ave., Basking Ridge, died Oct. 18. Left estate to wife, Mrs. Eleanor Streeter.” 

Streeter’s first name was spelled “Lindsley” in the Social Security Death Index.

Streeter had at least one child. The Echoes-Sentinel (Warren Township, New Jersey), March 28, 1985, reported the engagement of his son, Richard, and Gail Bennett.

Mr. and Mrs. Edward Bennett of Basking Ridge have announced the engagement of their daughter, Gail Ellen Bennett, to Richard S. Streeter, the son of Mrs. Eleanor Streeter, also of Basking Ridge, and the late Lindsey [sic] Streeter. Both are graduates of Ridge High School. Miss Bennett attends Bloomsburg University in Pennsylvania. Mr. Streeter is the owner of Streeter’s Taxidermy. No date has been set for the wedding.

Further Reading
Lambiek Comiclopedia

(Next post on Monday: Autograph Ghosts)

Monday, April 23, 2018

Comics: Henri A. Fluchere, National Comics Production Manager

Henri Andre Fluchere was born July 31, 1914 in Marseille, France, according to his Petition for Naturalization at On November 11, 1925, Fluchere, his parents, Armand and Emma, and sister, Odette, sailed aboard the S.S. Aquitania from Cherbourg, France. They arrived in the port of New York City on November 27.

1930 U.S. Federal Census
Home: 166 South Street, Quincy, Massachusetts
Name / Age / Occupation
Armand Fluchere, 46, draftsman/shipyard
Emma Fluchere, 37, blank
Henri Fluchere, 15, blank
Odette Fluchere, 10, blank

Something About the Author, Volume 40 (1985) profiled Fluchere and said he attended Brooklyn College from 1933 to 1935, then City College from 1935 to 1936.

Fluchere filed a Petition for Naturalization on September 1, 1936. Fluchere stated that he had resided in New York County since June 30, 1933. His occupation was commercial artist and residence at 234 West 22nd Street, New York City. Fluchere was naturalized on December 23, 1940.

1940 U.S. Federal Census
Home: 234 West 22nd Street, New York, New York
Name / Age / Occupation
Armand Fluchere, 54, draftsman/building concern
Emma Fluchere, 47, blank
Henry Fluchere, 25, new worker
Odette Fluchere, 24, blank
(The census was enumerated in April.)

Manhattan, New York City telephone directories, from 1942 to 1946, listed Fluchere at 125 West 58th Street.

Fluchere enlisted in the army on April 28, 1942. According to Fluchere’s son, Michael, his father served in the “Military Intelligence as an Interpreter (French) as a Master Sergeant with the 28th Infantry Division. After the 28th Infantry Division crossed the Rhine River into Germany, his services were no longer needed and he was reassigned to The Stars and Stripes Newspaper in Paris as an illustrator and artist. After returning from World War II, he worked for Superman Magazine as an illustrator.” Something About the Author said Fluchere received the Purple Heart. According to the Department of Veterans Affairs BIRLS Death File, Fluchere was discharged December 11, 1945.

According to Something About the Author, Fluchere married Ruth Allen in 1944. They divorced January 1946. Fluchere married Maud Elliot Hall (a musician) on September 4, 1946. Earlier, the Philadelphia Inquirer, May 3, 1946, published the engagement announcement. On August 2, 1946, the Inquirer reported the upcoming September wedding. A full account of the marriage appeared in the Inquirer on September 5, 1946.

Maud Elliott Hall Is Bride of Henri A. Fluchere
The Swarthmore Presbyterian Church formed the setting for an attractive wedding yesterday, when Maud Elliott Hall, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Howe Hall, became the bride of Henri A. Fluchere, son of Mr. and Mrs. Armand Fluchere, of New York.

The ceremony was solemnized at half after two o'clock, with Rev. David Braun officiating.

The bride, who was given in marriage by her father, wore a period sown of ivory tone slipper satin, the model featuring a square neckline, with short sleeves and a train suspended from the shoulders. The gown was trimmed with heirloom duchess lace. Her tulle veil fell from a lace cap which had been worn by her great-grandmother, the late Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, and she carried a bouquet of roses and bouvardia.

Grisella C. Hall, who acted a s maid of honor and only attendant for her sister, wore a frock of aqua taffeta, made on tailored lines, with a high neckline. She carried a bouquet of chrysanthemums in autumn shades and her headdress was an artistic arrangement of matching flowers.

Gowned in Black

Mrs. Hall chose a graceful black marquisette gown, with a matching hat, the latter trimmed with flowers in variegated colors. With this went an orchid corsage. The bridegroom’s mother also chose black in a floor-length crepe gown, with a ribbon-trimmed hat of the same color. She, too, wore a corsage of orchids.

Murray Boltinoff, of New York, served as best man. There were no ushers. A small reception at the home of the bride’s parents for members of the immediate families followed the ceremony. Upon their return from a wedding trip, the couple will make their home in New York.

The bride is a granddaughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. David Prescott Hall, of Plainfield, N. J., and of the late Mr. and Mrs. Edward Henry Earnshaw, formerly of this city. She is a great-niece of Mrs. Maud Howe Elliott, of Newport, R.I.
Fluchere worked at National Comics beginning in 1946. Something About the Author said Fluchere attended Columbia University from 1946 to 1948.

The Daily News (Tarrytown, New York), March 1, 1949, reported Fluchere’s upcoming talk in the column, Happenings Here and There in the Village.

Comic Books—Henri A. Flushers [sic], commercial artist and production manager of National Comics, will tell the story behind the tremendous volume of comics produced today, to the Irvington Kiwanians at their meeting in the Hotel Florence at 7:15 P.M. tomorrow. He is also expected to discuss the recent trend to legislative control of comics.
The Daily News, March 3, 1949, reported the event.
Advertising Art Explained
Irvington Kiwanians heard Henri A. Fluchers [sic], commercial artist and production manager of National Comics, talk last night on the different aspects and kinds of art used in advertising and commercial art.

Fluchers brought illustrations of every kind of art used commercially, including photographs, half tones, line drawings, color reproductions and several others.

He was expected to speak on comic books, but touched only briefly on that subject when he said that his company was very much opposed to the bill now in the Legislature, to control comics. He also said that his company employs a child psychologist to go over every strip and suggest improvements and changes.
Something About the Author said Fluchere began his freelance writing career in 1950. He was art director for McGraw’s Technical Writing Service from 1950 to 1953.

The Irvington Gazette (New York), November 5, 1953, noted Fluchere’s new home, “Mr. and Mrs. George Hinckley of Oak street moved on Monday to Chicago. They have sold their home to Mr. and Mrs. Henri A. Fluchere who will occupy it shortly.”

Something About the Author said Fluchere was an Irvington village trustee from 1958 to 1960; police commissioner from 1958 to 1960; and acting mayor from 1959 to 1960.

Popular Science published Fluchere’s tip in the August 1961 issue, and his article in January 1962.

Something About the Author said Fluchere wrote “The Westchester Winetaster,” a weekly column in Westchester newspapers. He was a member of the American Wine Society.

The Patent Trader (Mount Kisco, New York), February 15, 1973, noted this event, “The wine-tasting will be conducted by Henri Fluchere, a wine expert whose weekly column appears in The Weekly News.”

Fluchere also conducted workshops as reported in the Courier and Freeman (Potsdam, New York), November 23, 1976, “We enjoyed a workshop with Henri Fluchere, wine writer of the Consumer Wineletter and noted author. His guest speaker was Marcia Mondavi of the Robert Mondavi Winery in California.”

Fluchere passed away November 25, 1991.

Books illustrated by Fluchere
How To…
Jack Woodford
Arco Publishing, 1951

Airbrush Techniques for Commercial Art
with John Musacchia and Melvin Grainger
Reinhold Publishing, 1953

Using Mathematics
Kenneth B. Henderson and Robert E. Pingry
McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1955

Course in Beginning Watercolor
with John Musacchia and Melvin Grainger
Reinhold, 1956

You and Your Cells
Leo Schneider
Harcourt Brace & World, 1964

Man and the Living World
Karl Von Frisch
Time-Life Books, 1965

Microbes of Your Life
Leo Schneider
Harcourt, 1966

Relativity: An Introduction for Young Readers
Michael Chester
W. W. Norton, 1967

Long Life to You: Modern Medicine at Work
Leo Schneider
Harcourt, 1968

The Story of the United States Flag
Wyatt Blassingame
with Victor Mays
Garrad, 1969

The Indus: South Asia’s Highway of History
Jane Werner Watson
Garrad, 1970

Barry Schiff
n Press/Western Publishing, 1971

Henri André Fluchere (author)
Golden Press, 1973

(Next post on Monday: Lin Streeter, Artist)

Monday, April 16, 2018

Comics: Victor S. Fox, Businessman and Publisher

Victor Samuel Fox was born on April 13, 1893 in Nottinghamshire, England. Birth information is based on Fox’s World War I and II draft cards, Who’s Who in Finance and Industry (volumes 7 and 9) and death certificate. The 1900 U.S. Federal Census had April 1893 as Fox’s birth month and year. However, Fox’s New York, World War I military service card had March 23, 1893 as his birth date. A third birth date, July 3, 1893, has been given by other publications and websites.

Fox’s World War II draft card had his full name as “Victor Samuel Fox”. In the 1900 census, Fox’s name was recorded as “Samuel V J Fox”. The initial J was for Joseph according to some publications and websites.

Census, military, naturalization, marriage and travel information are from

1900 United States Federal Census
Home: 129 County Street, Fall River, Massachusetts
Household Members
Name / Age
Joseph Fox, 35; born in Russia; store keeper
Bessie Fox, 37; born in Russia
Annie Fox, 16; born in Russia
Rosie Fox, 15; born in Russia
Fanny E Fox, 8; born in England
Samuel V J Fox, 7; born in England
Etta Fox, 2; born in Massachusetts
Marion Fox, 1 month; born in Massachusetts

Massachusetts, State and Federal Naturalization Records
Name: Joseph Fox
Address: 34 Ninth Street, Fall River, Massachusetts
Occupation: Peddler
Petition Age: 39
Record Type: Petition
Birth Date: May 16, 1864
Birth Place: Lubek, Novigrodac, Russia
Arrival Date: August 1, 1896
Arrival Place: New York City
Petition Date: November 9, 1900
Petition Place: Fall River, Bristol, Massachusetts, USA
Naturalization Date: April 21, 1904 (Victor S. Fox and his foreign-born siblings became naturalized Americans.)

1910 United States Federal Census
Home: 609 Cherry Street, Fall River, Massachusetts
Household Members
Name / Age
Joseph Fox, 44; merchant/cloak store
Bessie Fox, 48
Rosie Fox, 22
Frances Fox, 18
Victor Fox, 17
Etta Fox, 12
Marion Fox, 09

1915 New York State Census
Home: 555 West 151 Street, New York, New York
Household Members:
Name / Age
Joseph Fox, 48; cloak and suit retailer
Bessie Fox, 47
Anna L Fox, 26
Frances E Fox, 22
Jeanette Fox, 17
Marian G Fox, 15
(Victor S. Fox not found in state census)

The New York Times

February 24, 1916
New Incorporations
Albany, N.Y., Feb. 23.—Harry T. Johnson, Inc., ladies’ ready-to-wear apparel, $10,000; E. Goodman, V.S. Fox, H.T. Johnson, Hotel McAlpin.
The New York Times
August 16, 1916
New Incorporations.
Albany, August 15.—Thirty corporations were chartered today, with an aggregate capital stock of $396,309. They include:
Fox Costumes, Inc., theatrical costumes, theatrical, vaudeville enterprises, $5,000; L. J. Jacoves, A. L. and V. S. Fox, 555 W. 151st St.
The New York Clipper
August 26, 1916
Fox Costumes, Inc., theatrical costumes, theatrical, vaudeville enterprises, incorporated at Albany, Aug. 15, for $5,000. L. J. Jacoves, A. L. and V. S. Fox.
The New York Dramatic Mirror
September 2, 1916
New Incorporations
Albany, N. Y. (Special).—The following theatrical concerns were incorporated here last week:Fox Costumes, Inc., New York City, To deal in theatrical and vaudeville enterprises, and the manufacture of theatrical costumes. Capital, $5,000. Directors, Anna L. Fox, Victor S. Fox, and Louis J. Jacoves, 198 Broadway. New York city.


October 6, 1916
Fox Costumes Inc. advertisement


October 20, 1916
Fox Costumes Inc. advertisement

The New York Times

February 17, 1917
Business Records
The following judgments were filed yesterday, the first name being that of the debtor:
In New York County.
Amounts of $100 and over.
Fox, Victor S.—S.C. Lavin…$321.95

The New York Times
November 1, 1917
Business Records
The following judgments were filed yesterday, the first name being that of the debtor:
In New York County.
(Amounts of $100 and over.)
World Costume Corp. and Victor S. Fox—M.I. Eisfeldt…$105.35

World War I Draft Card
Name: Victor S Fox
Birth Date: April 13, 1893
Birth Place: Nottinghamshire, England
Street Address: 555 West 151 Street, Manhattan, New York, New York
Occupation: Manufacturer Military Uniforms
Employer: World Costume Corporation, 42 East 20 Street, New York, New York
Physical Build: Stout
Height: Medium
Hair Color: Black
Eye Color: Gray
Signature: June 5, 1918

New York, World War I Military Service Card
Name: Victor S Fox
Birth Place: England
Birth Date: March 23, 1893
Service Start Date: July 26, 1918
Service Start Place: New York City, New York
Assignment: Engineering Training Regiment Camp, Humphreys, Virginia
Grade: Private
Discharge Date: December 24, 1918

1920 United States Federal Census
Home: 555 West 151st Street, Manhattan, New York, New York
Household Members
Name / Age
Joseph Fox, 55
Bessie Fox, 58
Anna L Fox, 32
Rose S Fox, 30
Frances E Fox, 26
Victor S Fox, 25; exporter/general merchandise
Etta J Fox, 21
Marion Y Fox, 19

Port of New York Annual

Alexander Rogers Smith
Smith’s Port Publishing Company, Inc., 1920 
Shipping Agents
Fox, Victor S. & Co., 47 Broadway.
The New York Times
April 11, 1920
Ship for Hamburg Route.
Consolidated Maritime Line Here Buys Former Austrian Steamer.
[Victor S. Fox of Consolidated Maritime Line]
The New York Times
April 21, 1920
$10,813,130 for 23 Ships.
Board Announces Receipts from Sale of Former German Vessels.
[Victor S. Fox & Co. Association purchased nine vessels: Arapahoe for $165,000; Armenia for $864,375; Chillicothe for $192,500; Ceosa for $262,500; Osadomia for $690,000; Monongahela for $228,250; Moshulu for $272,250; Muscoota for $206,250; and Tonawanda for $156,585.]
The New York Times
April 21, 1920
V.S. Fox Gets Coal Tract
Purchase Disclosed Through Incorporation of New Company
[Victor S. Fox and Associates incorporated the Crystal Coal Corporation in Delaware and purchased coal acreage in Virginia to fuel its ships.]
New York Tribune
June 29, 1920
Business Troubles
Satisfied Judgments.
The first name is that of the debtor, the second that of the creditor and date when judgment was filed:
Fox, Victor S.—H. L. Oppenheim et al; July 25, 1917…$295.74
Same—Same; July 25, 1917…$164.85
World Costume Corporation and Victor S. Fox—M. I. Eisfeldt; Oct. 31, 1917…$321.90
Fox, Victor S. and David Galway—H. Little; Oct. 17, 1917…$133.21
New York Tribune
August 25, 1920
Business Troubles
Satisfied Judgments.
In New York County
The following judgments were filed yesterday, the first name being that of the debtor:
Fox, Victor S., and David Galway—A.E. Alloy; October 16, 1919…$165.55
Fox Costumes, Co., Inc.—Siegman & Well; June 19, 1917…$333.23
Fox Costumes, Co., Inc., —N.Y. Telephone Co.; Jan. 29, 1918…$391.38
The New York Times
October 1, 1920
Inquiry Under Way on Fox Ship Sale
Federal Officials at Work Following Purchase of Shipping Board Vessels.
Interest was caused in shipping circles yesterday by the report that Federal authorities were investigating certain phases of the purchase of a number of steamships by Victor S. Fox & Co., Incorporated, and the Consolidated Maritime Lines, Incorporated, of 47 Broadway….
The New York Times
October 3, 1920
Halted in Stock Sales.
Allied Capital Corporation Enjoined on Prosecutor’s Plea.
The Allied Capital Corporation and two of its officers, John A. Sacks, president, and Victor S. Fox, a director, were temporarily enjoined yesterday from continuing sales of securities by an order signed by Supreme Court Justice May in Brooklyn…
The New York Times
October 4, 1920
Recall Board Ships from Fox’s Control
Washington, Oct. 3.—Control of twelve Shipping Board vessels, valued at more than $6,500,000, obtained by Victor S. Fox of New York on the partial payment plan, has been withdrawn….

…it was understood that a receiver had been appointed for the Victor Fox, Inc., the Consolidated Maritime Lines, Inc., and other steamship lines of which Fox is President….
Brooklyn Daily Eagle
October 6, 1920
Indict Steamship Men
The New York Times
October 6, 1920

Two Fox Officials Indicted for Fraud
Federal Jury Holds President and Treasurer for Deal with Shipping Board.
False Vouchers Charged
Victor S. Fox, President, and William H. Kaiser, Treasurer, of Victor S. Fox & Co., Inc., were indicted yesterday by the Federal Grand Jury on a charge of attempting to defraud the United States Shipping Board by presenting accounts and vouchers….

…It is charged in the indictment that on Aug. 11, 1920, the defendants, “for the purpose and with the intent of cheating, swindling and defrauding the Government of the United States and the United States Shipping Board,” made a false account and certificate….

…Fox was held in $10,000 in bail and Kaiser in $7,500.
Brooklyn Daily Eagle
October 7, 1920
Bankruptcy Forced on Fox, 13 S. S. Cos.
The New York Times
October 8, 1920

Receiver for Fox Company
An involuntary petition in bankruptcy was filed in the Federal Court yesterday against the Victor S. Fox Company, Inc., of 47 Broadway, by three creditors….The Fox Company and its affiliated concerns consented to the decree….
October 16, 1920
Legal Notices
Victor S. Fox, 47 Broadway, $1,236.16 claimed by Gordon Beattie for wages as master of s.s. Isonomia (U.S. Dis. Ct., S.D., N.Y.).
Shipping Board Operations
Hearings Before Select Committee on U.S. Shipping Board Operations
House of Representatives
Sixty-sixth Congress, Third Session, Part 11
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1921
Bulletin, Friday, January 21.
[Public Notices.]
Notice to Creditors of Victor S. Fox and Company, Inc., States Steamship Corporation, American Merchant Marines, Inc., Atlantic Adriatic Steamship Corporation, French American Line, Inc., Standard Steamship Company, Inc., International Maritime Corporation, Italian Star Line, Inc., and all Allied Lines of the Above Named.
The New York Herald
March 14, 1921
Ship and Sail under the Stars and Stripes
Keep our ships on the Seven Seas
United States Shipping Board Services
49 Fox, Victor S., & Co. 47 B’way, N.Y. Wh. 1950
New York Tribune
March 18, 1921
Shipping Companies and Agents Addresses and Telephone Numbers
Fox, Victor S. & Co. (U.S.S.B.)
47 B’way, N.Y. Whitehall 1950
American Industries
April 1921
49 Fox, Victor S., & Co.Geo. W. Sterling, Rec’ver47 B’way, N.Y. Wh. 1950
The New York Herald
April 11, 1921
Keep our Ships on the Seven Seas under the Stars and Stripes
United States Shipping Board Services
To All Parts of the World
49 Fox, Victor S., & Co.
Geo. W. Sterling, Rec’ver
47 B’way, N.Y. Wh. 1950
Harper’s Magazine
May 1921
Fox, Victor S., & Co., N. Y.

The New York Times

May 17, 1921
Misuse of Office Denied by Conrad
Shipping Board Counsel Says He Did Not Exercise Influence in Receiverships.
…Victor S. Fox of Victor S. Fox & Co., 47 Broadway, one of the thirty-nine principal and subsidiary shipping companies under receivership in this district, said that he could give important information concerning Mr. Conrad, Mr. Nicoll and Mr. Carson, if called to testify. Mr. Fox added that the indictment against his firm, now pending in the United Stated District Court, was the result of the activities of men who are now facing an inquiry themselves.
Coal Review
May 18, 1921
49 Fox, Victor S., & Co.
Geo. W. Sterling, Rec’ver
47 B’way, N.Y. Wh. 1950

The Marine Journal

October 29, 1921
One Receiver named for Many Ship Companies
Receivership for twenty-nine steamship companies, formerly arranged in seven groups in as many separate appointments, is now united, with James G. Graham, 11 Broadway, named by Judge Julius M. May of the United States District Court as receiver. The unification of receivership has been ordered in an attempt to save unnecessary expense and to simplify litigation in which the United States Government, through the Shipping Board, is the principal complainant and largest creditor. Mr. Graham succeeds Shipping Board officials previously appointed.

Notices to creditors have been published asking that all file their claims with the new receiver. John G. Pore, 11 Broadway, is Mr. Graham’s attorney….

The defendant companies named are:

…Consolidated Maritime Lines, Victor S. Fox & Co., Tonowanda Navigation Company, Muscoota Navigation Company, Moshulu Navigation Company, Monongahela Navigation Company, Chillicothe Navigation Company, Arapahoe Navigation Company, Mount Shasta Navigation Company, Jeanette Steamship Company, Isonomia Steamship Company, Coosa Steamship Company, Castlewood Steamship Company and Armenia Steamship Company.
November 10, 1921
Shipping Legal Record
(same text as The Marine Journal)

New York Tribune

May 14, 1922
The Fate of American Merchant Marine Is in the Balance
…Victor S. Fox, a theatrical costumer, began business on a shoe string, and for a time had hopes of making himself a figure in the steamship world. He bought ships at ten per cent cash and expected to pay off the remainder from current earnings. Unfortunately he went in on the ebb tide, which soon left him stranded on the sand.
Brooklyn Daily Eagle
February 24, 1924
To Start S. S. Line
The steamer City of Seattle which is due in New York from Jacksonville, Fla., tomorrow morning, will be the first boat to sail under the New York-Atlantic City Steamship Line, next month, according to Victor S. Fox, president of the new corporation….
The Evening Star
(Peekskill, New York)
August 21, 1924
New Night Line Now Operating on River
Victor S. Fox. president of the New York-Atlantic City Steamship Co., and his associates in the New York, Albany and Western Steamship Co., started a new service from New York to Albany and Troy, beginning Wednesday with the departure of the steamship, Lancaster, from Pier 46, North River. Sailings will be maintained every Monday, Wednesday and Friday. Mr. Fox says that other ships probably will be added later. Associated with him is H A. Lamb, as vice-president and general manager.

The Lancaster was formerly operated from Baltimore on the Chesapeake. Mr. Fox announced that the fare will be $1 and the rates will range from 75 cents for berths to $5 for staterooms. The ship has accommodations for 400 passengers. The dining service will be cafeteria style.
United States Investor
October 25, 1924
Financial Inquiries
New York & Atlantic City Steamship Co.
41732. (Buffalo, N. Y.) Will you kindly favor us with an expression of your judgment relative to New York Atlantic City Steamship Company, whose address Is Pier 12, East River, New York? A client of ours who has made an investment In the company is desirous of securing some information concerning the stability and the possibility of the stock in the above company.

Ans.: We are not favorably Impressed with the line-up of the New York and Atlantic City Steamship Co., which has moved its headquarters from Pier 12, East River, New York, to 82 Wall Street, New York. Stock in the company was sold by the [missing text]
1925 New York, New York, City Directory
Name: Victor S Fox
Street address: 82 Wall R305
Occupation: President, NY & Atlantic City Steamship Co

1925 New York State Census
Home: 514 West 114th Street, Manhattan, New York, New York
Household Members
Name / Age
Joseph Fox, 61; merchant
Bessie Fox, 63
Marian Fox, 22; stenographer
Josephine Verderber, 24; maid
(Victor S. Fox not found in state census)

The New York Times

December 23, 1925
Business Records
Filed yesterday, the first name being that of the debtor:
In New York County.
Fox, Victor S.—Longacre Bank...$4,312.10

Massachusetts Reports, Volume 256

Decisions Supreme Judicial Court
Victor S. Fox and Company

Florida, Passenger List

Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: February 11, 1928
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida
Ship: Iroquois

Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: February 17, 1929
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

The New York Times
May 17, 1929

Tuttle ‘Coup’ Ends Tipster Concern
…Victor S. Fox of the Allied Capital Corporation, 49 Broadway and 331 Madison Avenue, was arraigned yesterday before United States Commissioner A. O’Neill and held in $7,500 bail on a charge of using the mails to defraud….Fox, according to the prosecutor, operated a “sell and switch” stock concern. He said Fox also had a desk room at 230 Park Avenue as “Fox Motor and Bank Stocks, Inc.,” and as “American Common Stocks, Inc.”…Fox was arrested yesterday.
Brooklyn Daily Eagle
September 5, 1929
First Financial “Speakeasy” Trial in Crusade Opens
…Victor S. Fox of the Allied Capital Corporation of 49 Broadway and 331 Madison ave., was arraigned and held in $7,500 bail on a mail fraud charge….
Brooklyn Daily Eagle
September 6, 1929
Ford Stock Firm Banned by Court
…a temporary injunction restraining the Allied Capital Corporation and Victor S. Fox from doing further business. It is charged that they accepted money from investors for foreign Ford stock and failed to deliver the stock….
The New York Times
November 28, 1929
4 Indicted in Stock Sales.
Mail Frauds Charged to Group That Dealt in Ford of France.
The Federal grand jury late yesterday indicted Victor S. Fox, Fred H. Hallen, I. Lloyd Zimmer and William McManus on a charge of using the mails to defraud in connection with their stock-selling activities for the Allied Capital Corporation at 300 and 331 Madison Avenue and 49 Broadway….
New York Legislative Documents
J.B. Lyon Company, 1930
The Allied Capital Corporation was another pretentious enterprise of this kind. Its principal, Victor S. Fox, is now being held under a charge of larceny.
Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox [name crossed out]
Arrival Date: February 8, 1930
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida
Ship: Evangeline

Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: January 3, 1931
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: November 29, 1931
Port of Departure: New York, New York
Port of Arrival: New York, New York
Ship Name: Paris

Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: February 25, 1934
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: January 5, 1936
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: February 10, 1936
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

Miami Herald
May 17, 1936

Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Place: March 1, 1937
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

The New York Times
October 28, 1938

Business Records
The following judgments were filed yesterday, the first name being that of the debtor:
In New York County.
Tax Commission:
…Fox, Victor S., $390.92
New York Post
December 29, 1938
The Stars vs. McKesson & Robbins
World Astrology Magazine, for January, 1939, recommends purchase of McKesson & Robbins securities.

Victor S. Fox, editor of the magazine, was called before Assistant Attorney General McCall of New York State to explain. Fox said McKesson & Robbins was included under the “armament group,” and that since January looked like a good month for armament stocks. World Astrology recommended it.

This untoward event and its even more un toward explanation need not cause loss of astrological faith, however. It may be an astrological phenomenon in reverse.

The McKesson & Robbins investors undoubtedly will see stars on the next dividend date.
Fox Feature Syndicate’s first comic book was Wonder Comics, #1, May 1939, which featured Wonder Man.  On the third issue, Wonder Comics was retitled Wonderworld Comics

Stripper’s Guide
1939 Fox Feature Syndicate Advertising Campaign

Stripper’s Guide
1940 Fox Feature Syndicate Advertising Campaign

The New York Times
ebruary 1, 1940

Business Records
Satisfied Judgments
The first name is that of the debtor, the second that of the creditor and the date when judgment was filed:
In New York County
Fox, Victor S.—State Tax Comm., Oct. 27, 1939…309.92
Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: March 6, 1940

Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

1940 United States Federal Census
Home: 142 East 49 Street, New York, New York

Citizenship: Naturalized
Occupation: Publisher
Industry: Magazine
House Owned or Rented: Rented
Highest Grade Completed: High School, 1st year
Class of Worker: Working on own account
Weeks Worked in 1939: 52
Income: 1000
Income Other Sources: Yes
Household Members
Name / Age
Victor Fox, 45

April 15, 1940
N. Elliott Stuckel, for nine years with CBS, has been named director of the promotion division of Fox Feature Syndicate, according to an announcement by Victor S. Fox, president. Mr. Stuckel will handle radio, newspaper and merchandising contacts.
Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: March 1, 1941
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

World War II Draft Card
Name: Victor Samuel Fox
Residence Place: New York, New York, USA
Residence Address: 142 East 49th Street
Age: 49
Birth Date: April 13, 1893
Birth Place: Nottingham, England
Employer Name and Address: Self, 247 Park Avenue, New York, New York
Height: 5’ 3”
Weight: 178 lbs.
Eyes: Brown
Hair: Black
Signature: April 26, 1942

Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office
November 1942

List of Patentees to Whom Patents Were Issued on the 3d Day of November, 1942
Fox, Victor S., New York, and R.W. Farrell, Bronx, N.Y., said Fox assignor, by mesne assignments, to said Farrell, Optical projector. 2,301,114; Nov. 3.
New York City, Marriage Indexes
Name: Victor S. Fox
Marriage Date: August 7, 1943
Marriage Place: Queens, New York City, New York
Spouse: Carolyne Marion Bellvage [spelled Caroline Balevich on Fox’s death certificate]

Long Island Daily Press

(Jamaica, New York)
August 13, 1943
Marriage Licenses
Fox-Bellvage—Victor Fox, 50, of Manhattan, and Carolyne Bellvage, 36, of 84-46 Smedley street, Jamaica.

The New York Times

November 7, 1944
Gould Court Hears of Contract Fund
Testimony that a special account to pay Army contract officers for aid in obtaining Government war business had been set up by the Cornwall Shipbuilding Company, was given yesterday by Victor S. Fox, a former partner of the company, at the general court-martial of Capt. Joseph (Joe) Gould, former prize fight manager until he entered the Army Transportation Corps two years ago….
The New York Times
November 14, 1944
Army Court Finds Joe Gould Guilty
…Named by the trial judge advocate as co-conspirators were the Cornwall Shipbuilding Company of cornwall Landing, N.Y., and its three partners, Milton A. Henry, Victor Fox and Henry Glassgold, and in summing up for the prosecution Assistant Trial Judge Advocate Lieut. Kenneth F. Graf described them as “nothing more than a gang of modern buccaneers, who took to fighting among themselves over the division of the spoils.”
The New York Times
December 21, 1944
Not Involved in Plot
…The attention of The Times has now been called to the fact that Victor Fox was not named as a co-conspirator. Mr. Fox, who was a witness for the Government, testified that he sold his interest in the company as soon as he learned of the contract involved in the proceeding.

The Times is glad to take this opportunity of expressing its regret for the error.
1945 New York, New York, City Directory
Name: Victor S Fox
Street address: b 60E42

1946 New York, New York, City Directory
Name: Victor S Fox
Street address: b 60E42

The New York Times
May 29, 1946

Four Apartments in Broadway Deal
Victor S. Fox, magazine publisher, has purchased for occupancy from Mrs. Amy E. Wing the five-story dwelling at 59 East Eighty-second Street. The property occupies a lot 18 by 100 feet and is assessed at $40,000….
New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Address: 142 East 49th Street, New York
Arrival Date: June 5, 1946
Occupation: Publisher
Port of Departure: Bermuda
Port of Arrival: New York, New York
Airline: Pan American Airways

The New York Times
July 15, 1946
Manhattan Transfers
82d St, 59 E; Amy E. Wing to Victor S. Fox, 59 R. 82d St; mtg $15,000 ($41.25)

Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: January 1, 1947
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida
Airline: National Airlines

The New York Times
October 23, 1947

Comics Group Buys Paper Mill
Potsdam Paper Mills, Inc., of Potsdam, N.Y., on the Racquette River, has been acquired by a syndicate headed by Victor S. Fox, president of Fox Feature Syndicate, Inc., publisher of comic magazines, and Central Color Press, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., printer of such magazines, it was announced yesterday. The purchase, Mr. Fox said, gives his group a completely integrated operation.
Rome Daily Sentinel
(New York)
October 24, 1947

Potsdam Paper Co. Sold to Syndicate
New York—(AP)—Potsdam Paper Mills of Potsdam, N.Y., have been sold to a syndicate headed by Victor S. Fox, New York comic magazine publisher.

The price was not disclosed in the company’s announcement yesterday.

Fox is president of Fox Feature Syndicate, Inc.

The Potsdam plant manufactures newsprint and cover stock, chiefly from reclaimed waste from the binding operations of the Central Color Press, Inc., at Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Additional machinery and equipment are being installed.

Roland I. Mead has been named mill manager. He formerly was consulting engineer with American Industrial Company.
1948 New York, New York, City Directory
Name: Victor S FoxStreet address: b 60E42

Florida, Passenger Lists
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: February 22, 1948
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida
Airline: Pan American

1949 New York, New York, City Directory
Name: Victor S Fox
Street address: b 60E42

Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Departure Place: Marseille, France
Arrival Date: October 29, 1949
Arrival Place: Boston, Massachusetts
Airline: Pan American Airways

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Address: 142 E 49th St., NY
Arrival Date: October 30, 1949
Port of Departure: Lisbon, Portugal
Port of Arrival: LaGuardia Airport, New York, New York
Airline: Pan American Airways

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Arrival Date: 7 Jan 1951
Place of Origin: New York
Port of Departure: San Juan, Puerto Rico
Port of Arrival: New York, New York
Airline: Pan American Airways

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: July 1, 1951
Port of Departure: New York, New York
Port of Arrival: London, England
Airline: Trans World Airlines
Flight Number: 960-1

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Arrival Date: July 8, 1951
Port of Departure: Paris, France
Port of Arrival: New York, New York
Airline: Trans World Airlines

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Departure Date: May 12, 1953
Departure Place: New York, New York, USA
Airline: Trans World Airlines, Inc.
Flight Number: 968/12

Who’s Who in Finance and Industry
Volume 7
Marquis-Who’s Who, 1953
FOX, Victor Samuel, publisher; b. Nottingham. Eng., Apr 13, 1893: s. Joseph and Betsy (Duschae) F.: came to U.S., 1898, naturalized, 1904: grad. B.M.C. Durfee High Sch., Fall River, Mass., 1911; m. Carolyne Bellvage, Aug. 8, 1943: 1 dau. Victoria Ann. Pres. and chmn. bd. Consolidated Maritime Lines. Inc, shipbuilders and operators, 1919-22: Industrial engr., adviser on reorganizations to large corporations. 1922-35; chmn. and pres. Fox Feature Syndicate, Inc., New York, N.Y., also 10 affiliated companies, since 1935; president Central Color Press, Incorporated, publication printers, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.: pub. 20 monthly newsstand mags.; creator and owner of 119 comic feature characters appearing in Magazines and newspapers throughout the world. Home: Palmer Hill Rd., Greenwich, Conn. Office: 60 E. 42d St., N.Y. City 17.
New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Arrival Date: July 29, 1953
Port of Departure: Geneva, Switzerland
Port of Arrival: New York, New York
Airline: Trans World Airlines

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Departure Date: May 20, 1954
Departure Place: New York, New York, USA
Airline: Trans World Airlines, Inc.
Flight Number: 962/20

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Arrival Date: June 29, 1954
Port of Departure: San Juan, Puerto Rico
Port of Arrival: New York, New York
Airline: Pan American Airways

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Arrival Date: July 26, 1954
Port of Departure: Zurich
Port of Arrival: New York, New York
Airline: Trans World Airlines

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Samuel Fox
Arrival Date: September 26, 1954
Port of Departure: Mexico
Port of Arrival: Idlewild Airport, New York
Airline: Air France

Who’s Who in Finance and Industry
Volume 9
Marquis-Who’s Who, 1955
page 374: (same as volume 7)

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Arrival Date: May 16, 1955
Port of Departure: London, England
Port of Arrival: New York, New York
Airline: Pan American Airways
Flight Number: PA 74/16

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor Fox
Arrival Date: July 2, 1955
Port of Departure: Zurich, Switzerland
Port of Arrival: New York, New York
Airline: Swiss Air

Who’s Who in Commerce and Finance
Volume 10
Marquis-Who’s Who, 1957

FOX, Victor Samuel, pres. Key Industries. Inc.. Renard Investments, Ltd. Address: 142 E. 49 St., N.Y.C. 17.
Florida, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Place: April 5, 1957
Arrival Place: Miami, Florida
Airline: British Overseas Airways Corporation

New York, Passenger List
Name: Victor S Fox
Arrival Date: April 7, 1957
Port of Departure: Nassau, Bahamas
Port of Arrival: Idlewild Airport, New York
Airline: Pan American Airways

The New York Times
July 6, 1957

Fox—Victor S.
With profound sorrow we announce the passing of our believed fellow member, Victor S. Fox.National Democratic Club.
Carmine G DeSapio, President,
Thomas A. Lenane, Secretary.
Connecticut Death Index
Name: Victor S Fox
Marital Status: Married
Birth Date: April 13, 1893
Residence: Greenwich, Fairfield, Connecticut
Death Date: July 3, 1957
Death Place: Greenwich, Fairfield, Connecticut
Age: 64 Years

Father: Joseph Fox
Mother: Bessie Duchefsky

Social Security Applications and Claims Index
Name: Victor Samuel Fox
Birth Date: April 13, 1893
Death Date: July 3, 1957
Claim Date: August 6, 1957
SSN: 093166348

According to the death certificate, Fox was laid to rest at Woodlawn Cemetery. In response to an email request, Woodlawn Cemetery provided the location: Arbutus plot, section 184, lot 16592.

Find a Grave
Fox’s death information is incorrect.

Social Security Death Index

Wife: Carolyne B. Fox, December 12, 1906 – February 12, 1995
Daughter: Victoria A. Fox, August 21, 1944 – December 5, 2002

Further Reading

Alter Ego #101, May 2011

The Phantom Lady Archives
Volume 2: The Fox Years, 1947 to 1949

The Blue Beetle Companion: His Many Lives from 1939 to Today
Christopher Irving
TwoMorrows Publishing, 2007

The Comics Detective
DC vs Victor Fox

Field Guide to Wild American Pulp Artist
Excellent profile but date of death is incorrect.

(Next post on Monday: Henri A. Fluchere, National Comics Production Manager)